As the grim reality of the Great Depression descended over the land, Americans began withdrawing their gold from the banks. Whether it was because they were afraid of bank failure or because they simply needed funds to support their families, it was their gold and their decision.
The system of fractional banking had allowed the Federal Reserve to extend credit well beyond the available "value" held in trust by the banks. The Federal Reserve Bank was unable to provide the funds to depositors. America's banking system was bankrupt. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's method of dealing with the situation was to deflect the blame onto the citizens by referring to their actions as "hoarding".
On April 5,1933, Roosevelt signed Executive Order 6102 commanding all citizens to surrender their gold to the government by May 1, 1933. No citizen was permitted to own more than $100 in gold coins, except for rare coins with special value for collectors
On that day our gold was seized through the use of "emergency powers". No lawful authority existed to accomplish the deed. Citizens of the United States were made effectively penniless. From that point on the nation's money was to be secured, not by gold, but by notes and obligations on which citizens of the United States were the collateral security. Citizens of the United States became chattel property.
In the Book of Proverbs, Chapter 22, it says, "the borrower is servant to the lender". Any legal note, including the Federal Reserve Note ($), involves a promise to pay. Our reliance on this debt/credit monetary system makes us servant to the lender.
The Public Papers of Herbert Hoover, the outgoing president, indicated he believed Roosevelt's action was "neither justified nor necessary". Hoover must have been correct because the negative effect of replacing a gold and silver backed monetary system with one based on credit has been concealed from the American People.
Courts of "law"
The area most affected by this alteration of America's monetary structure is the legal system. While every effort was made to disguise Roosevelt's deed, it is the law and the courts that present the best and most consistent evidence that we are considered to be servants/slaves.
The Constitution authorizes just three forms of law for the government of the United States of America: common law, equity law, and admiralty/maritime law. The common law was preserved as the bedrock of American jurisprudence after the Colonies won their freedom and the new Republic began to spread west. One important characteristic of a common law violation is that there must be a flesh and blood victim. Another is that specific performance cannot be compelled.
The essential characteristic of equity law is that a contract must be in force that would compel certain performance. Admiralty law involves a contract compelling performance plus a criminal penalty for not doing so. Effectively, it involves a civil contract with a criminal penalty. Admiralty law also expresses an international form of jurisdiction.
Your life under contract - is this freedom?
To determine what form of law governs your life you may compare the above legal principles against a typical run-in with the law. Bear in mind that for most of their history, the States of the Union were under common law: no victim no crime.
Today, victimless crimes comprise the vast majority of "law enforcement" activity. More often than not we find severe penalties for committing one of these victimless crimes. We can therefore quickly and accurately deduce that a maritime or admiralty contract is in force.
If the courts admitted to operating in maritime/admiralty jurisdiction it would cause incessant requests to justify the action. Knowledgeable people would demand to be shown the contract being enforced. To prevent such embarrassment the courts decided to invent a new form of jurisdiction. It is called "statutory" jurisdiction.
Although statutory jurisdiction may sound benign, it is nevertheless a form of law that is foreign to the Constitution for the united States of America. It is the reason why a defense based on the Constitution will generally get you nowhere in court today.
Experienced defenders of the Constitution will know that the continuous assertion of a constitutional right will, at the very least, get you thrown out of a courtroom. Or worse, it will get you locked up on the spot. You will hear, from time to time, certain lip service that makes references to the Constitution. Just know that this is for public consumption - read brainwashing. As far as our self-proclaimed masters are concerned, we have no constitutional rights.